The Orkhon Waterfall water flows for remarkable 1120 km to the North and lies in the historically significant Orkhon Valley, UNESCO World Heritage site.
The waterfall (Mongolian: Улаанцутгалангын хүрхрээ, “Red flows waterfall”) is located on the Orkhon River in Bat-Ulzii, Uvurkhangai province. Its width is about 10 m. The surrounding areas of the waterfall was formed by volcanic activities dated back approximately 20,000 years (possibly Quaternary period). When a smaller river named Ulaan (meaning Red) flows into Orkhon river the water drops over the edge with height over 25 and makes the waterfall. That is why, locals called it Ulaantsutgalan which meaning Red’s Flows. This area is covered by over 10 m thick lava layer with interesting shapes of bubbles and the smaller waterfalls with 4-5 m height, like Jijigtsutgalan (means Small Flows), were created around here. Orkhon is longest river in Mongolia with length of 1124 kilometers (709 miles) and formulates by springs at the numerous mouths of Suvraga Khairkhan a peak of Khangai mountain range.The waterfall become a mark that is on half of its full length of Orkhon River. Flows of Orkhon River created a 130 km long canyon through the lava plateau.
The area is ideal for fishing, horse riding, cycling and photography. The rivers have handful species of river fish such as pike, sturgeon, hucho taimen, common asp, Siberian grayling, roach etc. Scenic and untouched natural distinct spot allow good opportunities for hiking and horseback riding. Early morning hiking trough the canyon of the river is always recommended by guides of TGM. This valley is known as the home of Mongolian nomadic culture as many of Mongolia’s ancient monuments lie within its borders. Yak herder nomads are common. Because cars cannot drive to in, Trekking tours to Naiman nuur region (Eight Lakes) are always organized from here by the support of locals who hire their trained horses for transportation for luggage, .
Road condition is bad due to over protruded volcanic bubbles and stones. The Orkhon river Valley has been proclaimed as National Park since 2006. Central Mongolia Tour