Western Mongolia

Western Mongolia. This zone covers the three western provinces of Mongolia-Uvs, Bayan-Olgii, Hovd. The impressive Altai Mountain Range and great lakes depression make this region one of the most attractive place of the country. The diversity of ethnic groups residing in these regions is the great opportunity for cultural discoveries. Popular ones are Kazakh ethnic groups, who are residing in Bayan-Olgii province. The Kazakhs have a rich culture, close extended families, and many traditions that are still practiced today that are centuries old. The Kazakhs are the second largest ethnic group in Mongolia after the Khalkhs, with 101,000 people comprising 6% of the population.

Western Mongolia tours offer some of Asia’s most beautiful and unspoiled wilderness, where the snow-capped Altai Mountains tower above remote forests, lakes, and rivers. Teeming with wildlife, including endangered snow leopards and antelope, this region contains the most impressive of Mongolia’s mountain scenery, and is a prime destination for adventurous climbers and hikers.

The Altai Mountains are also the place to experience some of Mongolia’s most fascinating cultures. Bayan-Ulgii Province, which borders Russia and China, is home to a diverse population whose traditional ways of life have been preserved in these isolated mountains for centuries. Among these is Mongolia’s largest ethnic minority, the Kazakhs, whose ancestors migrated to the area in the 1800s, and whose proud tradition of hunting with trained eagles is celebrated annually at the renowned Golden Eagle Festival.

 Khurgan-Khoton Lake

Khurgan-Khoton Lake is located in an intermontane tectonic depression in the northern portion of the Mongolian Altai. Its Surface area is 50.1 km2; the average depth is 26.6 m; the maximum depth is approximately 58 m. Khoton nuur has one Iceland which is covered by woods. The system of Khoton Nuur and Khurgan Nuur lakes, connected by a wide channel, is the source of the Hovd River which drains the whole Mongolian Altai. Lake Khoton Nuur was formed by glacial blockages. Khurgan nuur is the lowest point of Altai Tavan Bogd National park. Some fishes are in lake Khoton and lake Khurgan nuur. Western Mongolia Tour

Altai Tavan Bogd

Altai Tavan Bogd, highest point of Mongolian territory: is a picturesque mountain with glacier and a permanent snow peak and is located at the cross borfders of the west of Mongoliawith Russia and China. The mountain is called Altai Tavan Bogd because of five high peaks. Those five peaks are Khuiten (4374m), Nairamdal (4082m), Burged (4068m) and Ulgii(4050m). There are 250 big and small glaciers which cover an area of 514 sq km.Some big rivers of Central Asian Basin such as Khovd River, Tsagan River begin from Altai Tavan Bogd Mountain.Around Altai Tavan Bogd, there are many historical sites Tsagaan Salaa rock paintings, Khar yamat river man stone, group memorial of Gants mod spring etc. Rock paintings are about 1000 and it’s not only Mongolia’s biggest, but also central Asia’s biggest ancient people’s complex gallery.

The area of Tavan Bogd Mountain, 200 km long and 50-80 km wide, has been protected as a national park since 1996. There are many rare animals, birds, fish and the plants that are written in the international and Mongolian Red books. The climate of this area is cooler than other areas because70 percent of total territory is more than 2000-3000 m above sea level and 30percent is more than 3000m above sea level.

Western Mongolian Tour