Tsagaan nuur Taiga

Tsagaan nuur Taiga

There are two main areas where the Tsaatan community lives and herds reindeer, called the East Taiga and West Taiga respectively. Tsagaan Nuur village is conveniently located between these two areas, central to the entire Tsaatan community. Please note that the taiga areas are highly distinct ecological zones as compared to the steppe ecosystems found throughout Mongolia. When traveling from Tsagaan Nuur village to the Tsaatan’s herding camps you will pass from a steppe (grassland) ecosystem, into a taiga (boreal forest) ecosystem, delineated by a marked change in vegetation and topography.

From Tsagaan Nuur village  to the East and West Taigas can be accessed by driving or riding by horse out of town towards the edge of the taiga, and then riding by horse to the actual Tsaatan camps.

West Taiga

West (“Barone”) Taiga is situated to the west of Tsagaan Nuur village beyond a steppe valley called “Harmae.” The West Taiga can be reached by driving or riding approximately 20 km from Tsagaan Nuur  to the back of the Harmae valley, where the edge of the taiga begins. Portions of the West Taiga are in the administrative district of Ulaan Uul, Tsagaan Nuur’s neighboring village, or soum.

The West Taiga is notoriously rugged, with steep, wooded, mountainous terrain, rocky slopes, and rivers that can be impassible during portions of the year. With the exception of a few camp locations situated at the back of Harmae valley on the edge of the taiga, the West Taiga is only accessible by horseback, with average camp distances ranging from 10-40 km from the edge of the taiga.

The West Taiga is home to more than 20 Tsaatan households, who move in family groups composed of 1-10 households.

East Taiga

East (“Zuun”) Taiga is situated northeast of Tsagaan Nuur beyond a steppe valley called “Hogruk.” The East Taiga can be reached by driving or riding approximately 30 km from the TCVC towards Hogruk, crossing over the Shishged River. Alternatively, the East Taiga can be accessed from the village of Renchinlhumbe, Tsagaan Nuur’s neighboring administrative unit that includes portions of the East Taiga.

When accessing the East Taiga via Tsagaan Nuur, it is important to note that the Shishged River can only be crossed by ferry. The ferry is a simple log raft that can accommodate vehicles, horses, and pedestrians, and is operated on a fee-for-service basis by a private family in the area. In winter and early spring, the Shishged River and/or Tsagaan Nuur Lake are frozen, and it is possible to travel across the ice from Tsagaan Nuur to reach the Hogruk valley and the East Taiga. Ice conditions can be very dangerous, and all visitors to the area should consult with their TCVC guide prior to traversing the ice.

The East Taiga straddles the Mongolian-Russian border and contains diverse terrain and landscapes, from steppe-taiga valleys, to rugged peaks, to dense forest. Some East Taiga camps are accessible by vehicle during the cold months when mud conditions are mild or absent, though most camps, like the West Taiga, are accessible only by horse. Many routes into the East Taiga are muddy in the warmer months, which can affect accessibility and travel time significantly. Average camp distances from the edge of the taiga in Hogruk range from 6-40 km.

The East Taiga is home to more than 18 Tsaatan households, who typically move in two family groups.

Tsagaan nuur Taiga tour

 Khurgan-Khoton Lake

Khurgan-Khoton Lake is located in an intermontane tectonic depression in the northern portion of the Mongolian Altai. Its Surface area is 50.1 km2; the average depth is 26.6 m; the maximum depth is approximately 58 m. Khoton nuur has one Iceland which is covered by woods. The system of Khoton Nuur and Khurgan Nuur lakes, connected by a wide channel, is the source of the Hovd River which drains the whole Mongolian Altai. Lake Khoton Nuur was formed by glacial blockages. Khurgan nuur is the lowest point of Altai Tavan Bogd National park. Some fishes are in lake Khoton and lake Khurgan nuur. Western Mongolia Tour

Altai Tavan Bogd

Altai Tavan Bogd, highest point of Mongolian territory: is a picturesque mountain with glacier and a permanent snow peak and is located at the cross borfders of the west of Mongoliawith Russia and China. The mountain is called Altai Tavan Bogd because of five high peaks. Those five peaks are Khuiten (4374m), Nairamdal (4082m), Burged (4068m) and Ulgii(4050m). There are 250 big and small glaciers which cover an area of 514 sq km.Some big rivers of Central Asian Basin such as Khovd River, Tsagan River begin from Altai Tavan Bogd Mountain.Around Altai Tavan Bogd, there are many historical sites Tsagaan Salaa rock paintings, Khar yamat river man stone, group memorial of Gants mod spring etc. Rock paintings are about 1000 and it’s not only Mongolia’s biggest, but also central Asia’s biggest ancient people’s complex gallery.

The area of Tavan Bogd Mountain, 200 km long and 50-80 km wide, has been protected as a national park since 1996. There are many rare animals, birds, fish and the plants that are written in the international and Mongolian Red books. The climate of this area is cooler than other areas because70 percent of total territory is more than 2000-3000 m above sea level and 30percent is more than 3000m above sea level.

Western Mongolian Tour

Baldan Bereeven Monastery

Baldan Bereeven Monastery belongs to the Buddhist sect monastery Gelugpa. It’s located in the valley of the Baruun Jargalant River, in the sum of Omnodelger, province of Khentii. Its name is the translation of the Tibetan word “drepung” meaning “pile of rice”. Originally, its architecture was the same as the Drepung monasteries’ one in India and Tibet.

The site has also an esthetic value, since the monastery is surrounded by the picturesque, sacred mountains of the Khentii range : Munkh Ulziit, Arvan Gurvan Sansar, Bayan Baraat, and Bayan Khangai. The locals think that these four mountains have animal shapes : a lion at East, a dragon at South, a tiger at West, a garuda at North.


The lama Tsevendorj studied with Zanabazar, the first Bogd Gegeen of Mongolia, in Tibet. He wanted to create a monastery with a similar architecture to that of Lumbini, Buddha’s birth place, in order to house the Mongolian pilgrims who couldn’t travel so far. Originally, Baldan Bereeven had about 1500 lamas in its community.

The construction of the main temple, called Dash Tsepel Ling, began in the mid-1700’s and finished in 1776.The temple Tsogchin Dugan, “large room”, was achieved in 1813 ; it was a reproduction of the famous Tibetan Utai Gumbun.  The Tsogchin Dugan was one of the largest buildings of whole Mongolia. It was 30 metres (98,43 feet) long, 30 metres (98,43 feet) wide, and nearly 12 metres (39,37 feet) high.

In 1850, once the renovation of the main temple completed, Baldan Bereeven, as a cloistered school, reached its peak. It housed four different schools and more than twenty temples, and almost 8000 lamas lived and studied here. At the beginning of the 20th century, an epidemic decimated more than half the community.

But the misfortunes of the monastery went on. As from 1921 and the beginnings of communism in Mongolia, many lamas were chased, particularly in the early thirties with the religious persecution policy. First, the Government chased the Buddhist church. The latter lost its independence and had to pay important taxes, before being totally decimated in 1937 during the purges led by Horloogiin Choibalsan. Eastern Mongolia

Tsenkher hot springs

Tsenkher hot springs

Arkhangai province is famous for its many old volcanoes.These volcanoes explains the presence of this hot water source that flows all year long at 1860 metres (1,16 mile) above the sea level in the sum of Tsenkher. The water is at 85,5°C (185,9°F). This natural bounty is located 27km south of the town Tsetserleg, and in the center of the Arkhangai province. Tsenkher hot springs have healing properties notably on articular diseases and nervous system’s diseases. Composition: sodium carbonate, hydrocarbonate, sulfate, fluorite and hydrogen sulfide.There is several tourist camps which are offering for tourists indoor and outdoor baths. They transfer the hot water via tubes from and built some pools. There are also indoor pools. Men and women bathe separately. It is an excellent place to relax. Night bath is great. .In a valley carpeted with wild flowers and framed by forested mountains..Stay overnight in a ger camp.

Central Mongolia tour



One of the famous places is Bayanzag, Ancient Sea bed which excited 60-70 million years ago where a lot of Palentological findings have been discovered. The place is known as Flaming Cliffs so named by Roy Andrew Chapman American explorer, who had visited Mongolia in 1920. During the 2 years he searched through the Mongolian Gobi Desert and he found Dinosaur fossils from Bayanzag, Nemekht Mountain. . Chapman presented Mongolia one large skeleton on show in the Ulaanbaatar Natural History Museum. He discovered to the science, about 10 different kinds of dinosaurs and eight of them were found from Mongolia. The barren cliffs look strikingly as if they are aflame during sunset. Not so far from the Flaming Cliffs, there is a forest of saxaul trees –Gobi trees with extremely deep roots. There are some sand dunes about 20 km from the Flaming Cliffs and a small hill called Tugrugiin Shiree, northwest from Bayanzag, famous for its findings of protoceratops dinosaur fossils.Gobi tour

Khongor sand dune

Khongor sand dune

The Khongor Sand Dunes are some of the largest and most impressive white sand dunes in Mongolia.
The sounds of shifting sand blown by the wind have given Khongor the nickname “Singing Sand Dunes”, Khongor Sand Dunes stretches more than 180 km (112 miles) with majestic heights of 15-30 m. The largest dunes are North West of the range up to 800 meters high. You can climb to the top of the sand dunes and slide down: simultaneously the dune begins to make an amazing sound: similar to singing. There is beautiful green oasis known as Seruun Bulag near the Khongor River. From the top of the sand dunes, the view of the desert is awesome.Gobi tour. Explore Khongor sand dune with us


Yol valley

Yoliin Am is  about 60 kilometres (37 miles) Southwest Dalanzadgad, in the mountains of Züün Saikhan .Yol valley forms a gorge that is so deep and so narrow, that only two persons can pass in some places. The water forms four small waterfalls. Although the sun shines a lot in this region, the canyon remains dark, so that in the bottom, a part of the river remains nearly all year long covered by a thick layer of ice.

Here, travellers can discover permanent glaciers, endemic plants, and rare animals such as Siberian ibex, argalis, or bearded vultures. Snow leopards and other predators also live in the Yol Valley area.  Enjoy small hiking and photographing the charming landscape and wildlife.   Gobi tour

Tsagaan Suvarga (White Stupa)

Tsagaan Suvraga is located 419km away to the south west of Ulaanbaatar city in Dundgobi province. The name Tsagaan Suvarga (White Stupa) is given by local people to the impressive and legendary cliff which is eroded by natural phenomenon. Having 10 million years history, the cliff indicates different times by its colored layers. It’s 90 degree of straight, consists of many colors of clay deposits. In ancient times, there was a big sea in KHevtee and Bosoo valleys of Tsagaan Suvarga. After dried up the sea, this area became a valley with many glacis and escarpments, covered by many different sedimentary deposits. Tsagaan suvraga is a big escarpment with 200m height and 400m long. This place has been protected since early times and local people say that Tsagaan khairkhan/ respectful name/ instead of Tsagaan Suvraga. Gobi tour

Baga Gazariin Chuluu –(Rock Formations)

Baga Gazariin Chuluu –(Rock Formations) is a 15 km long and 10 km wide stone massif, is located Middle Gobi. This site is about 2 hours south of Ulaanbaatar. Over 20 kinds of medical herbs and many species of exist here. The granite Stone Mountain formations look like melted marshmallows one on top of another. Some of the rock formations look like they had air bubbles when the rock was cooling because the round impressions within the rock are perfectly half spherical. The scene looks like it was taken from another planet and transformed to this site. Gobi desert tour

Khuvsgul Lake

Khuvsgul Lake National Park is one of the major tourist attractions in Mongolia. This lake is known as the second clearest water lake in the world after Baikal Lake in Russia. Water is crystal clear so that you can see the bottom of the lake when you are sailing. Khuvsgul Lake located in the high mountain area in northern Mongolia, Khuvsgul is thought to be approximately 2 to 5 million years old. It holds approximately 2% of the earth’s liquid surface freshwater and almost 70% of Mongolia’s fresh water. The oval-shaped lake is 36.5 km wide, 136 km long and 262 meters deep. The volume of water is 381 square km. Ninety-six rivers and streams drain into the Khuvsgul but only one, the Egiin Gol river drains from the lake. The area surrounding Khuvsgul Lake has been protected as a National Conservation Park in 1992. Khuvsgul Lake is surrounded by majestic mountains covered with thick pine and larch forests where the unique wildlife of the region flourishes.
There is an excellent opportunity to become acquainted with the lifestyle and traditions of reindeer breeders who live in the mountain forests close to the lake. Northern Mongolia Tour

Amarbayasgalant Monastery

Amarbayasgalant Monastery whose name means ”monastery of the quiet felicity”, The complex of the  Monastery was built during 1727-1736, in the honor of Undur Gegeen Zanabazar, the first Bogd, Buddhist leader of Mongolia. He was also a Founder of the Mongol School of religious art and created the minted Buddha Statues that are now highly respected and recognized worldwide. The architectures of this monastery are in perfect harmony with nature and environment. Amarbayasgalant Monastery and its surrounding sacred landscape has a unique cultural area within which nomads inhabited since long time ago and had experienced traditional land use and culture of nomadic pastoralism and long-standing worshipping practices of natural sacred sites and mountains. Northern Mongolia Tour

Terkh White Lake Khorgo Volcano

Terkhiin Tsagaan Lake is an astonishingly beautiful lake with relatively pure fresh water. Torrents of lava issuing from the Khorgo volcano blocked the north and south Terkh Rivers, so forming the dammed lake of Terkhiin Tsagaan Lake at an altitude of 2060 meters above sea level. The lake is 16 km wide, 4-10 meters deep with its deepest point at 28 meters and over 20 kilometers in length. It flooded 61 square km. The lake supports Pike and other fish. The Khorgo lies east of the lake Terkh white Lake and together they are the core of the Khorgo-Terkhiin Tsagaan Nuur National Park. A notable geological feature is solidified lava bubbles, which the locals have named “basalt yurts”. Central Mongolia Tour

Orkhon waterfall

Orkhon waterfall

The Orkhon Waterfall water flows for remarkable 1120 km to the North and lies in the historically significant Orkhon Valley, UNESCO World Heritage site.

The waterfall (Mongolian: Улаанцутгалангын хүрхрээ, “Red flows waterfall”) is located on the Orkhon River in Bat-Ulzii, Uvurkhangai province. Its width is about 10 m. The surrounding areas of the waterfall was formed by volcanic activities dated back approximately 20,000 years (possibly Quaternary period). When a smaller river named Ulaan (meaning Red) flows into Orkhon river the water drops over the edge with height over 25 and makes the waterfall. That is why, locals called it Ulaantsutgalan which meaning Red’s Flows. This area is covered by over 10 m thick lava layer with interesting shapes of bubbles and the smaller waterfalls with 4-5 m height, like Jijigtsutgalan (means Small Flows), were created around here. Orkhon is longest river in Mongolia with length of 1124 kilometers (709 miles) and formulates by springs at the numerous mouths of Suvraga Khairkhan a peak of Khangai mountain range.The waterfall become a mark that is on half of its full length of Orkhon River.  Flows of Orkhon River created a 130 km long canyon through the lava plateau.

The area is ideal for fishing, horse riding, cycling and photography. The rivers have handful species of river fish such as pike, sturgeon, hucho taimen, common asp, Siberian grayling, roach etc. Scenic and untouched natural distinct spot allow good opportunities for hiking and horseback riding. Early morning hiking trough the canyon of the river is always recommended by guides of TGM. This valley is known as the home of Mongolian nomadic culture  as many of Mongolia’s ancient monuments lie within its borders. Yak herder nomads are common. Because cars cannot drive to in, Trekking tours to Naiman nuur region (Eight Lakes) are always organized from here by the support of locals who hire their trained horses for transportation for luggage, .

Road condition is bad due to over protruded volcanic bubbles and stones. The Orkhon river Valley has been proclaimed as National Park since 2006. Central Mongolia Tour


Hustai National Park is the site of a unique re-introduction scheme of Przewalskii’s horse (Equus przewalskii), by Mongolian’s called Takhi. It became extinct in the wild in the 1960s, and has since 1992 been successfully re-introduced to Hustai and other parts of Mongolia, from zoos around the world. Hustain Nuruu (Birch Mountains) is relatively close to Ulaanbaatar and it is a conservation success story with numerous Marmots and the Red Deer population has increased to thousands, which have benefited a dense population of wolves.  There are visible remains of Neolithic graves. Species that are in Hustai but usually not seen are Lynx, Argali Sheep and Roe Deer.  Sometimes herds of Mongolian Gazelle are seen. A day tour

Mongol Sand Dune Semi Gobi

Mongol Sand Dune massif lies along the east side of the Tarna River and it holds 58.3% of the dunes in Khangai region. The widest part of the sand dune is 9-10 km and birch and larch trees cover the top.

Also, this is a home to roe deer, boar, wild cats, fox, musk deer, wolf, rabbit, badger, and ferret as well as birds like golden eagle, saker falcon, upland buzzard, common kestrel, raven, hawk, magpie, plack kite, shell duck etc.

The mountain has been protected since 2003 as a National Park. Central Mongolia Tour

KharKhorum (Karkorum)

KharKhorum (Karkorum)  was the capital of the Mongolian Empire between 1235 and 1260, and the Northern Yuan in the 14–15th centuries. Erdene Zuu monastery stands near Karakorum. Various construction materials were taken from the ruin to build this monastery.

Dening Hall built in 1270 during the Mongol Yuan Dynasty closely resembles the lost palace architecture of Mongol Dadu (Beijing) and Karakorum.

The actual location of Karakorum was long unclear. First hints that Karakorum was located at Erdene Zuu were already known in the 18th century, but until the 20th century there was a dispute whether or not the ruins of Karabalgasun, or Ordu-Baliq, were in fact those of Karakorum. In 1889, the site was conclusively identified as the former Mongol capital by Nikolai Yadrintsev, who discovered examples of the Orkhon script during the same expedition. Yadrintsev’s conclusions were confirmed by Wilhelm Radloff. KharKhorum (Karkorum)

Genghis Khan Statue complex

Genghis Khan Statue complex  is a 40 metre (131 ft 3 in) tall statue of Genghis Khan on horseback, on the bank of the Tuul River at Tsonjin Boldog (54 km east of the Mongolian capital Ulaanbaatar), where according to legend, he found a golden whip. The statue is symbolically pointed east towards his birthplace. It is on top of the Genghis Khan Statue Complex, a visitor centre, itself 10 meters tall, with 36 columns representing the 36 khans from Genghis to Ligdan Khan.

Visitors walk to the head of the horse through its chest and neck, where they can have a panoramic view. The main statue area will be surrounded by 200 Ger, yurt camps, designed and arranged like the pattern of the horse brand marks that were used by the 13th century Mongol tribes. The cost of the complex is reported to be $4.1 million, spent by The Genco Tour Bureau, a Mongolian company. Terelj National Park 

Terelj National Park

Terelj National Park is the popular destination because of its gigantic granite rock formations, a famous “Crawling Turtle Rock”, alpine forests and flower scenery. Opportunities for horse riding and hiking. After we leaving National Park, will drive to the Tsonjin Boldog which is about 50kms from Ulaanbaatar. This is the place where Chinggis Khaan had found a golden whip which explained on the legend. A 40m high statue of Chinggis Khaan built on horseback covered by stainless steel and surrounded by 36 columns. The visitors can walk to the head of the horse through chest of the horse, once we get there, we will see a panoramic view of the surrounding area. A day tour